Operational Area and Focal Group


KARMI (Kalahandi Organisation for Agriculture and Rural Marketing Initiative) which is the non-voluntary organisation formed in the year 1997 in the field of tribal and Rural Development is registered under Society Registration Act 1860. The organisation started in Mahaling and Kuhura Grampanchyat of Golamunda block of Kalahandi district started with the support of German Agro Action and Hivos Netherlands with the support of Agragamme Kasipur and started the watershed programme and started qualitative tribal education programme with the support of HRD Govt. of in the year 1995. The operating area of KARMI in the 1st phrase of the work the most interior and adjourning area of Golamunda block the most backward and tribal dominated block. With the modest beginning of evolving 4200 people of 2 GPs KARMI spreading its coverage to 4 districts with coverage of 6 Blocks with 76GPs in 386 villages. KARMI has been working in the area with areas dominated by tribal and scheduled caste population, remoteness with deprivation of basic facilities, an absence of service of Government and NGOs and areas offering opportunities to expand the programs geographically.

During the First Phase (1997 to 2000) KARMI adopted an option of process building to finesse strategy of awareness building, mass consciousness, promotion of education and awareness with the support of Agragamee and started 10 Qualitative Education Center with support of Ministry of HRD Govt. of India and stared the watershed programme with support of German Agro Action and People empowerment with support of HIVOS and undertook the holistic development process with coverage of 15 village in Mahaling and Kuhura GPs of Golamunda Block of Kalahandi district. For the development of people organization in village and cluster level KARMI formed Youth clubs, MahilaMandals, Vana Surakhya Samiti (Forest protection committee) and formation and strengthening of Women Self Helf Groups. Formation of community based grain-bank and by this programme KARMI able to resist exploitations by the moneylenders was an important programme at that time. Protection of forest, and management of community village property was the main programme of that phrase.

The second phase (2001 to 2005) KARMI got the FCRA started all its activities independently and undertook the education project with support of Indo German Social Service Society (IGSSS) New Delhi with and National Education Group New-Delhi and undertook the Qualitative Tribal Education Project in most remote pocket of Golamunda block of Kalahandi district as its focus programme and continue all the programme of tribal and community development. The Self Help Groups (SHG) programme was an important programme in that phrase, simultencely protection of natural resources, its management and Development of Agriculture and Horticulture, management of natural resource with the support of CAPART, Department of Rural Development Govt. of India. Emphasis on micro-finance and micro-enterprise, community fundraising and community participation in program implementation along with social action on cross-sectional themes highlighting rights-rate and livelihood based issues. This period when community structures were enlarged horizontally to fulfill greater functional requirements in the form of formations of Cluster Level Organisation (CLO) through linkage of already established VLOs and different district and block level forums. The grain bank the fundraising by the women self-help groups are the focus programme by that time and recognized by the district administration.

In the Third Phrase ( 2006 to 2010) KARMI adopted approaches to lead the community point of self-growth through further invigoration of community structure in creation of the federations of VLOs and CLOs in Block level and AMASAMITI the forum of women self-help group and village level women organization forum. KARMI Human Resource center was started and started a Public Library programme with support of Department of Culture Govt. of Orissa the Raja Ram Mohan Ray Library foundation, Kolkata and increase the literacy and awareness programme. The Accelerated Women Literacy Pogramme had also undertaken by KARMI with the support of Ministry of HRD Govt. of India through National Literacy Mission and the area of KARMI also totally covered the Golamunda Block and KARMI stared its M.Rampur Project and the coverage of its area also extend to Bangomunda block of Balangir district. During this period the people organization formed and guided by KARMI also got its legal identity and support in all programme of in a wholistic way and its lead on regional, zonal and district level and lobby and advocacy, Gender became the main issue and AMASAMTI also undertook the gender issue in a serious way and able to solve the women issue relating to dowry, divorce, equal pay for man and women. In this period KARMI also focuses the Community Health Management through the people organizations and Village Health Committee with the support of MISEREOR, GERMANY  for the  health development for the tribal, rural people focusing on women and children.

In the Fourth phrase ( 2010 to 2015) In this fourth phrase of KARMI develop of policy system and procedures aim at infusing self-sufficiency (both operational and financial ) to the people’s organization a district level and block level organisations. By this phrase we given much emphasis and health and self-help Groups promotion, bank linkage, sustainable agriculture and development of agriculture and horticulture in watershed model. Misereor health project also helps a lot to intervention on the health sector and able achieve a better result in health status rural and tribal of Kalahandi.in this phase we also focus on livelihood development of small and marginal farmers who are seasonal migrants due to drought and crop fail in the area. KARMI started diversion based irrigation programme based on sustainable livelihood development of small and marginal farmers. with support of TATA TRUSTs we also undertakes programmes on safe migration, skill development,legal aid and awareness are also a major progrmme of that time. In this phase we also  focused on  land and water issues and KARMI  prepared a long term action for this.


Sl. Project District Block G.P Village Population Total
1 Golamunda Kalahandi Golamunda 25 119 13738 6296 8587 28621
2 M.Rampur Kalahandi M.Rampur 19 92 7633 2035 3054 12722
3 Titilagarh Bolangir Titilagarh 6 31 6289 2948 10418 19655
4 Tumudiband Kandhamal Tumudiband 6 45 4670 3113 2595 10378
5 Boden Nuapada Boden 15 79 9496 3391 9723 22610
6 Narla Kalahandi Narla 5 20 7365 4050 6997 18412
TOTAL 4 Districts 6 Block 76 386 49191 21833 41374 112398